Question marks express doubt or let you know that something needs an answer.
This brief grammar guide has everything you need use this curvy glyph correctly.
- Question marks may be used to express uncertainty.
- A question mark often indicates that a sentence is a direct question.
- Indirect questions don’t always need a question mark.
- Question marks live at the end of simple sentences.
- The rules for punctuating sentences with quotation marks and parentheses are similar.
- In informal writing styles combine question marks with other forms of punctuation to add meaning and clarity.
When you speak, your voice naturally rises in pitch at the end of a question. It signals to the person you’re talking with that an answer is required.
When it comes to the written word, punctuation helps accomplish the same thing. This is where the question mark comes in.
What is a Question Mark?
What is a Question?
A question is a type of sentence that expresses doubt. When you need more information or something is unclear, questions help get the response you need. Basically, a question is a way to format a sentence so you can acquire information or elicit a response. Questions are designed to get answers. Questions can be direct or indirect.
A direct question is the most basic form of inquiry. It generally begins with an interrogative such as who, what, where, when, why, or how.
Then, it ends with a question tag. The goal of this type of question is to get a direct response.
An indirect question is a question that’s hidden inside a regular statement.
It may start with an indicator such as, “I was wondering…”
However, these can also hide inside a command or another question. Punctuation can vary depending on the type of sentence that contains the indirect question.
This example shows an indirect question embedded in a statement.
In this example, we show an indirect question embedded in another sentence.
This example shows an indirect question embedded in a command.
Where do you put a Question Mark?
In the English language, if you ask a direct question, deciding where to put a question mark is simple. It goes at the end of the sentence, replacing the period or exclamation point as the terminal punctuation. However, in more complex sentences, such as those that incorporate additional punctuation, the query mark may be placed elsewhere. This is especially true for sentences that involve the use of quotation marks or parentheses when expressing the question. In these cases, special rules may apply.
1. Sentences that Include Quotation Marks
If your sentence includes quotation marks, follow these simple rules to determine if the question mark goes inside or outside the quotes.
If the question tag relates to the words or phrases inside the quotation marks, it belongs inside the quotation marks.
It should be placed at the end if it relates to the entire sentence rather than what’s inside the quotes.
If the question mark applies to the words in the quotes and the entire sentence, use it just once, inside your quotation marks.
2. Sentences that include Parentheses
When punctuating sentences with parentheses, the rules for using question marks are almost identical to the rules for quotation marks.
If the query resides inside the parentheses, the question mark also belongs inside the parentheses.
If the question mark applies to the entire sentence rather than what’s inside the parentheses, then it should be placed at the end.
3. Combining a Question Mark with Other Forms of Punctuation
3. The Interrobang
The interrobang is an exclamation point superimposed on a question mark. It looks something like this:
Although it’s finding a place in informal written language, the interrobang is still considered a nonstandard form of punctuation.
It’s designed to indicate an exclamation that takes the form of a question.
It can also be expressed by using a combination of question marks and exclamation points such as:
Multiple Question Marks
You can express urgency in your question by using multiple question marks at the end of your statement. It can also indicate sarcasm or a special significance to the question. Many grammar purists find this usage to be nothing less than rude. So, unless it’s in casual correspondence, using multiple question marks may be asking for trouble.
Indirect Questions and Their Relationship to the Question Mark
When constructing sentences around indirect questions, should this sentence have a question mark?
The answer depends on the type of sentence you’re using.
1. When to Use a Period
You use a period instead of a question mark for statements that contain indirect questions.
The only time you use a question mark for an indirect question is when it lives inside another query.
In this example, “Do you know?” is the direct question. The indirect question is whether any of the kids were eating ice cream before dinner.
2. How to Express Doubt
The question symbol is also useful when expressing uncertainty or in labeling potentially inaccurate information, especially in nonfiction or mathematics.
In this example, 3:00 is the information in question, as indicated by a question mark set alone inside parentheses.
Riddle Me This: The Question Mark in Popular Culture
Probably the most famous example of the question mark in popular culture is Batman’s nemesis, The Riddler. Or, the villainous alter ego of Edward Nygma.
The Riddler is renowned for his keen intellect and believes life is full of questions (otherwise known as riddles). He’s easily identified by his green question mark suit and question mark-shaped cane.
From its pop culture appearance to its part in creating new forms of punctuation, the question mark is an instantly recognizable symbol.
It can let a reader know they’re being asked a question, and it can be used to label uncertain information. It can also provide clarity or emphasis in informal communication modes such as social media or email.
Nobody will question the questions in your content if you understand the main principles of this curvy punctuation symbol. Now, do you have any questions before you go?